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முதலாம் உலகப் போர்: ஒரு சுருக்க விளக்கம் !EXCLUSIVE!

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ààààààà ààààªà àªààà, à…ààààà àªàààà àªààà, 1914-1918 àààààààààà àààààààà ààà ààààà à…àààà à…àààà àààà àààà àààà àààà àààà àààà àààà àààà àààà. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-1918. 1914-18. 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June 28 June, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, accusing it of being behind the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo, Bosnia, by a Serbian nationalist named Gavrilo Princip[^1^]. This triggered a chain of events that involved many countries in Europe and beyond, because of their existing alliances and rivalries.

முதலாம் உலகப் போர்: ஒரு சுருக்க விளக்கம்


The main belligerents were divided into two groups: the Central Powers, consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire; and the Allied Powers, consisting of France, Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and later the United States[^2^]. The war was fought on several fronts, including the Western Front in France and Belgium, where trench warfare resulted in enormous casualties; the Eastern Front in Russia and Eastern Europe, where the Russian army faced the combined forces of Germany and Austria-Hungary; the Italian Front, where Italy and Austria-Hungary clashed in the Alps; the Balkan Front, where Serbia and Montenegro resisted the invasion of Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria; and the Middle Eastern Front, where the Ottoman Empire fought against Britain and its allies in Egypt, Palestine, Mesopotamia and Arabia[^3^]. The war also involved naval battles in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, as well as aerial warfare with the use of new technologies such as airplanes and zeppelins[^4^].

The war lasted for more than four years and ended with the defeat of the Central Powers. On November 11, 1918, Germany signed an armistice with the Allies that ended the fighting on the Western Front. Other Central Powers soon followed suit and signed separate peace treaties with the Allies. The most important of these was the Treaty of Versailles, signed on June 28, 1919, which imposed harsh terms on Germany, such as accepting full responsibility for the war, paying huge reparations to the Allies, losing territory and colonies, and limiting its military[^5^]. The Treaty of Versailles was one of the main causes of World War II.

The war had a profound impact on the world, as it resulted in millions of deaths and injuries, both military and civilian; widespread destruction of lands and cities; social and political upheavals; revolutions; changes in national boundaries; emergence of new countries; collapse of empires; rise of nationalism; spread of democracy; development of new weapons and tactics; advancement of science and technology; and cultural and artistic expressions[^6^]. The war also marked a turning point in history, as it reshaped the balance of power in Europe and paved the way for a new world order. 04f6b60f66


Céline Héloïse Larcade, Laure Molina, Nawal Touil, Nicolas T...


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